History of Bolivia: the 2000sHistory of Bolivia: the 2000s

History of Bolivia: the 2000s

In 2002, Sanchez Lozada is reelected president and follows the same neoliberal policy, supported by the IMF, which will lead to numerous strikes (against the loss of wages for public officers, the increase of taxes, and the exploitation of natural gases by a private company…).

This will ends with a general strike for many days in La Paz; Sanchez Lozada quits in 2003. He is replaced by Carlos Mesa who will also quit two years later. The political life in Bolivia becomes a true Chinese puzzle, and elections are planned for 2005 (two years before the normal deadlines).

To the great surprise of most of the people, Evo Morales Ayma is elected. Dissenting leader and representative of cocaleros during the 2003’s manifestations, he represents the aspiration for an independence against the United States and a real democratic alternative, going through the recognition of indigenous cultures. He quickly nationalizes the oil industry, encourages the bilingual education and convenes a Constitutional Assembly.

But the economic interests that are present are so important, and social resistances are so strong that these policies cause an outcry from the dominant elite of Santa Cruz, who block the constitutional process with boycott.

It is supported by the United States because Morales encourages culture of coca, as a cultural element, which they obviously do not like. Moreover, strikes and social confrontations are still present, against the agricultural reform that is proposed, against numerous reforms that are seen as too week or too much, between the different sectors of the society that are discussing the reforms’ favors.

Postponed in 2010, Evo Morales has to deal, more and more, with double resistances, the one of the neoliberal and conservative elite, and the one of the social contestations. It has been the case especially during the judicial elections of October 2011; social progress or populist absurdity?

This site uses cookies.It's noted, thank you.